Cristiano Ronaldo once said that although he is a soccer player, futsal is what he enjoys the most. An enthralling variation of football which is played by five players only, futsal has hit peaks of popularity in the last couple of decades. Futsal is a game that enables a player to improvise on the spur of moment as well as help in improving his overall technique. Although a large number of young players are playing futsal all around the world, the lack of knowledge about the court in which it is played is quite startling. No, it is not played in a football field.
The basic features and dimensions of a futsal court are very much different from that of traditional football. If you are just getting into Futsal, it is essential that you understand the features of the court, if you want to be successful that is. Soccer players and referees who are new to Futsal, will need to get up to speed quickly, as there are quite a few differences compared to 11-a-side and 5-a-side pitch dimensions, areas, penalty spots and keepers areas.
The first difference you will notice between the two games is the nomenclature. It is a convention to call it a futsal court and not a futsal pitch. It makes sense because a futsal court is quite small as compared to a big soccer field. Also, it resembles a basketball court. But that’s not just it, there is a lot for you to get to know about a futsal court, before you play your first game.
But hey don’t worry, we have got you covered! So sit back and let us help you become familiar with everything you need to know about a Futsal court.
Features – How Does a Futsal Court Differ to 5-A-Side and 11-A-Side Football Pitches?
Like we mentioned earlier, the size of a futsal court is quite a lot smaller when compared to a traditional outdoor football pitch. Unlike a soccer field that is made of grass or artificial turf, the futsal court is made of materials like wood. Certain other synthetic materials are used as well in curating the surface of the futsal court.
Another contrasting difference between a football field and a futsal court is the boundary. It might sound surprising, but there are no walls alongside the perimeter of a futsal court. Here, the line-markings serve the purpose. Lastly, the court size for international and domestic games is not the same. Intriguing, right? We will discuss this point in detail, later in this article.
The Pitch or Court
The pitch used for Futsal must be rectangular, with the length of the touchline greater than the length of the goal line with various restrictions on other key elements.
The radius of the center circle is 3 meters.
The penalty area is made up of two quarter circles, each with a 6 meter radius from the outside of each goalpost.
There are two penalty marks, the first 6 meters and the second 10 meters from the center of the goal line.
Two additional marks each at a distance of 5 meters on either side of the second penalty mark must be made on the pitch to indicate the distance to be observed when a free-kick is being taken from the second penalty mark.
At each of the four corners, a quarter circle with a radius of 25 centimeters is drawn inside the pitch. A mark must be drawn outside the pitch 5 meters from the corner arc and at right angles to the goal line to show the distance to be observed when a corner kick is taken.
The substitution zones are situated on the same side of the pitch as the team’s benches, directly in front of them to allow easy access to and from the pitch.
The goals which are placed on the center of each of the two goal lines have a distance of 3 meters between the inside of the posts, with the crossbar 2 metres above the ground. Nets are attached to the posts with a depth of at least 80 centimeters at the top and a hundred centimeters at ground level.
The goals must have a stabilizing system that prevents them from overturning. Portable goals may be used as long as they are as stable as fixed goals
What are the Dimensions of a Futsal Court?
Probably because people use basketball courts as a futsal court, there is a common misconception that the dimensions of the two courts are the same as each other. The dimensions of a futsal court are different from that of a basketball court.
A basketball court usually takes up an area of 420 square meters. On the other hand, a futsal court usually takes up to 800 square meters. It is important to know the individual elements of length and width as well. A futsal court is usually 40 meters long, while the width is somewhere around 20 meters. This also means that the penalty areas are bigger in a futsal court as compared to other courts. So, the notion that both courts have the same dimensions stands corrected.
International Futsal Court Dimensions
We mentioned this in earlier lines as well, but let’s reiterate the fact that the size of a futsal court varies with the nature of the game being played. The futsal court used for an international game is larger as compared to the one used in a contest of domestic nature. Let us have a look at the dimensions, separately, to have a better understanding.
The length of such a futsal court is around 38 to 42 meters.
The width of an international futsal pitch is between 18 to 22 meters.
Run-off enclosed field:
Standard recommendations suggest an area of 3×3 meters.
Run-off open space court:
The area recommended for this purpose is also 3×3 meters.
Domestic Futsal Court Dimensions
At this stage, we are familiar with the dimensions recommended for an international futsal court. But what about non-international matches or domestic games? Well, they are quite variable. And the ease of variability stems from the fact that there are no permanent boundaries around a futsal court. Hence, one can easily make adjustments to the area of a futsal court. The dimensions are as follows:
The length of such a futsal court is around 25 to 42 meters.
The width of an international futsal pitch is between 15 to 25 meters.
Run-off enclosed field:
Standard recommendations suggest an area of 2×2 meters.
Run-off open space court:
The area recommended for this purpose is also 2×2 meters.
Playing Court Markings
Usually, an 8 cm line is drawn which marks the playing court. The white or yellow color is usually preferred for this purpose. Boundaries are the area outside these lines. No boards are allowed on the court, which is quite frequent in a football field. In the center of the middle line in a futsal court, there is a circle of diameter around 6 meters and a radius of 3 meters.
There are two penalty spots on a futsal court. The first penalty spot is usually 6 meters away from the center of the goal line while the second penalty spot is usually 10 meters away. And well, there are goal posts but you know a lot about them already, don’t you?
How Much Does a Futsal Court Cost?
Because of the variable dimensions, the costs involved in setting up a futsal court are variable. Bigger the court, the more bucks it is likely to cost. Then the nature of materials used in building up a futsal court is also something which will eventually translate into a raised cost.
The quality of your futsal court is most likely to depend on your budget. You may have acquired the land and necessary materials for constructing an ideal futsal court. But you cannot set it up all by yourself. Usually, setting up companies is required for fulfilling this purpose. A reputable company is likely to charge you more money as compared to a less experienced firm.